News – USA – Zitkala-Sa: 5 Quick Facts You Need To Know


Zitkala-Sa was a writer, translator, musician, educator and political activist from Yankton Dakota Sioux who is celebrating her 145th with a Google Doodle Birthday She was also known under the name Gertrude Simmons Bonnin

Google said the Doodle “celebrates 145th birthday Birthday of the writer, musician, teacher, composer and suffragist Zitkala-Ša, a member of the Yankton Sioux tribe of South Dakota (Ihanktonwan Dakota Oyate or “People of the End Village”)) Zitkala-Ša, a woman who lived at a time , where the indigenous peoples of the United States were not considered real human beings, let alone citizens, by the American government, lived resiliently, dedicated their lives to protecting and celebrating their indigenous heritage through arts and activism ”

According to Google, the Doodle was designed by Chris Pappan, a “Native American guest artist from Osage, Kaw, Cheyenne River Sioux and European heritage.” Google added, “Happy birthday, Zitkala-Ša, and thank you for your efforts, the indigenous Protect and celebrate culture for generations to come ”

Zitkála-Šá: Pioneering Indian composer | Unladylike2020 | American champions | PBSOfficial Website: pbsorg / unladylike2020 | # Unladylike2020PBS Zitkála-Šá, alias Gertrude Simmons Bonnin (1876–1938), co-composed and wrote the libretto for the first Indian opera, The Sun Dance Opera, and wrote autobiographical essays for Harper’s and The Atlantic Monthly, in which the pressure of the Indians was shown to integrate into the European-American culture and co-founder of the National Council of American Indians… 2020-08-19T04: 00: 07Z

Zitkala-Sa was born on 22 Born February 1876 on the Yankton Indiana Reservation in South Dakota, according to the National Park Service. According to her biography on the NPS website, Zitkala-Sa translates to Lakota / Lakȟótiyapi as “Red Bird” which was spoken of by her tribe, the Yankton Dakota Sioux was raised by a single mother after her father left the family

According to the New York Historical Society, “Little is known about her Anglo-American father”

In her work Zitkala-Sa Impressions of an Indian Childhood, she wrote about her childhood on the reservation and with her mother In a story she wrote about watching her mother learn to embroider and how to make moccasins and other items, and imitated them by swapping the items with their friends

“I still remember how we would exchange our necklaces, pearl belts, and sometimes even our moccasins. We pretended to offer them as gifts to each other. We were delighted to be our own mothers,” she wrote in the chapter titled The Beadwork, “We talked about things we had heard in their conversations. We imitated their various manners, even to the point of the bowing of their voices. In the lap of the prairie, we sat on our feet; and rested our painted cheeks on the palms of our hands, put our elbows on our knees and leaned forward, as old women were most used to ”

Women & American History: Zitkala-Sa, Native American Rights Advocate Learn about Zitkala-Sa, an activist and composer who tirelessly fought for Native American rights and citizenship This video is from the life story Adapted by Zitkala-Sa in the & curriculum of the American Story of the New York Historical Society The video was produced by the Teen Leaders interns of the New York Historical Society in collaboration with Untold… 2020-11-03T23: 43: 32Z

According to the New York History Museum, Zitkala-Sa was sent to boarding school in Indiana at age 8 after Quaker missionaries visited her reservation. There she was named Gertrude Simmons. “She attended the institute until 1887. She was about that experience got into conflict and wrote both her great joy in reading and writing and playing the violin, as well as her deep grief and pain of losing her inheritance by being forced to pray and cut her hair as a Quaker, “wrote the National Park Service The New York Historical Society wrote of their experience:

The school sounded like a magical place to children who have never been out of the reservation. The missionaries told stories about driving trains and picking red apples in large fields. After the debate on the decision, Zitkala-Sa’s voted Mother To Let Her Go She didn’t want her daughter to leave and didn’t trust the white strangers, but feared the Dakota way of life would end. There were no schools on the reservation and she wanted her daughter to have an education / p>

According to her autobiography, she regretted asking her mother to let her go as soon as Zitkala-sa got on the train.She wanted to be years away from everything she knew. She couldn’t speak English and tribal languages ​​were used in school They would be forced to give up their Dakota culture for an “American” one

Zitkala-Sa’s arrival at school was traumatic The children learned that everyone would get a haircut. In Dakota culture, the only people who got haircuts were cowards captured by the enemy. Zitkala-Sa resisted by hiding in an empty room when the school staff found her under a bed, they pulled her out, tied her to a chair, and cut off her braids when she screamed loudly in later life she wrote that the staff school didn’t care about their feelings and treated the children like “little animals” ‘

During an Indian girl’s school days, she wrote that she was “neither a wild nor a tame Indian,” according to the & cultural center of the Akta Lakota Museum, “as she had grown alienated from her mother and the ancient methods of the reservation Dissatisfaction with the treatment of Indians by the state, church and population as a whole ”

After boarding school, Zitkala-Sa briefly returned to the reservation before returning to Indiana, where she attended Earlham College in Richmond, taught at the Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania, and studied and performed at the Boston Conservatory of Music Ziktala-Sa was a talented violinist and also wrote music

Google wrote, “This was a shared experience for thousands of Indigenous children under the Civilization Fund Act of 1819, which funded missionaries and religious groups to create a system of Indian boarding schools that would forcibly assimilate Indigenous children while they settled for some interested in experiences in her new environment, such as learning to play the violin, she resisted institutional efforts to integrate it into European-American culture – actions that she protested all her life with writing and political activism ”

GettyAmong the prominent women who attended the National Women’s Party meeting in Washington were Ms. Gertrude Bonnin, née Princess Zitkala-Sa of the Sioux tribe

Google wrote in its description of the Zitkala-Sa scribble: “Zitkala-Ša returned to her reservation and recorded a collection of oral Dakota stories published as Old Indian Legends in 1901. The book was among the first to Making traditional Indigenous American stories accessible to a wider audience Zitkala-Ša was also a gifted musician. In 1913 she wrote the lyrics and songs for the first Indigenous American opera, The Sun Dance, based on one of the most sacred Sioux ceremonies ”

Zitkala-Sa also wrote about Native Experiences for various publications including Atlantic Monthly and Harper’s Monthly. She wrote in An Indian Girl’s School Years:

For the white man’s papers, I had given up my belief in the Great Spirit. For the same papers, I had forgotten about healing in trees and creeks, because of my mother’s simple view of life and my lack of anything I have, too found no friends among the people I detested Like a slender tree, I had been uprooted by my mother, nature, and God.I was shorn from my branches that waved in sympathy and love for home and friends.The natural bark, mine Overly sensitive nature had protected it was scraped off very quickly

The New York Historical Society wrote, “Zitkala-Sa channeled her frustration into a love of writing. She wrote about her personal experiences and the customs and values ​​she had learned from her mother”

Also in 1926, according to PBS ‘American Masters, Zitkala-Sa to advocate greater Indian political power and the preservation of Indian heritage and traditions ”

According to the American Masters, “Zitkála-Šá became increasingly involved in the fight for Indian rights and stood up for US Citizenship, Voting, and Sovereignty She was appointed secretary of the Society of American Indians, the first national rights organization operated by and for Indians, and edited her publication, American Indian Magazine, “

According to Google, in addition to her creative achievements, Zitkala-Ša has been a lifelong spokeswoman for indigenous and women’s rights … Zitkala-Ša’s work has been instrumental in passing historical laws such as the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924, which included in US-born indigenous peoples are granted citizenship and the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 ”

In 1920 she spoke about the 19th Amendment that gave women the right to vote, calling on Alice Paul’s National Women’s Party to remember their native sisters who were not given the right to vote. According to the New York Times, she said in a speech: “The Indian woman is delighted with you”

The Times wrote in a January 2020 article: “And other native suffragists would continue to remind audiences that federal assimilation policies had attacked their communities and cultures. Despite treaty promises, the US. dismantled tribal governments, privatized tribal land and brought local children to boarding schools These devastating measures resulted in massive land loss, poverty and poor health that can be felt in these communities today ”

Zitkala – SaZitkala-Sa (Red Bird) is an animation depicting a critical moment in American history when an Indigenous woman made notable contributions to American history Zitkala-Sa is a prominent suffragist from Dakota who herself campaigned for Native American and women’s rights at a time when the United States government banned Native Americans from citizenship and gender equality … 2021-01-08T16: 44: 48Z

Zitkala-Sa was married to Raymond Talesfase Bonnin, whom she met while working at the US Bureau of Indian Affairs, according to the New York Historical Society.They had a son, who was born in 1902, and his name was also Raymond.She and her family lived in Utah for some time, teaching at a school on the Ute reservation before moving to Washington D. drew C. so they could increase their activism

According to the New York Historical Society, “She actively opposed the” Americanization “of Native American culture throughout her life, and her writing continued to influence policymakers long after her death January 1938 in Washington DC. She is buried in Arlington National Cemetery

In 2019, the Travel Museum and Learning Center paid tribute to Zitkala-Sa during the Month of Women’s History. Spokeswoman Lily Mendoza told NewsCenter1: “We need to know who we are and where we come from, especially in our native community and then also non- To educate locals in our community that there are strong women from the past who have stood up for our rights Not only for indigenous people but also for non-indigenous people ”

Mendoza said of Zitkala-Sa and her efforts to obtain indigenous voting rights secured in 1924: “We were not registered to vote and if we are not registered to vote we cannot have a vote”


News – United States – Zitkala-Sa: 5 Quick Facts You Need To Know
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Zitkala-Sa: 5 Quick Facts Facts You Need To Know
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